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Orthopaedic Oncology

Conditions We Treat

Orthopaedic Oncology

At the Comprehensive Cancer Center, our fellowship-trained orthopaedic oncologists treat:

  • Bone Tumors

A bone tumor is an abnormal growth of cells within the bone that may be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). The cause of bone tumors is unknown. They often arise in areas of rapid growth. Possible causes include:

  • Inherited genetic mutations
  • Radiation
  • Trauma

But in most cases no specific cause is found.

Cancerous (malignant) bone tumors include:


  • Soft Tissue Tumors

Soft tissue tumors can arise in almost any place on the body, and can be benign or malignant. Typically, your orthopaedic oncologist will want to proceed with a minimally invasive biopsy—like a needle biopsy—to determine if the tumor is malignant.  Our doctors are experts at needle biopsies and even pioneered some well-known techniques. During the biopsy, your doctor will acquire a sample of the tissue and examine the cells under the microscope. If the cells are malignant, knowing the cancer type and growth rate will help your orthopaedic oncologists develop a personalized treatment program for you. Learn more about diagnosis and treatment.

  • Sarcomas

Sarcomas refer to malignant (cancerous) tumors that develop in the soft tissue or bones. Soft tissue is tissue that connects or supports other organs in the body. Soft tissue sarcomas are different from bone sarcomas, which develop in the bone and cartilage.

At the Comprehensive Cancer Center, we treat both soft tissue sarcomas and bone sarcomas. Soft tissue sarcomas, no matter where they originate, have similar characteristics and are diagnosed and treated similarly. Generally, the specific type of cancer is named after the body part in which it was found.

The exact diagnosis will depend on the treatment.  Learn more about sarcomas and read more about diagnosis and treatment of orthopaedic cancers

  • Metastatic Bone Disease

Cancers that start in the bones are referred to as primary bone tumors. Cancers that start in another part of the body (such as the breast, lungs, or colon) are secondary or metastatic bone tumors that behave very differently from primary bone tumors. Our orthopaedic oncologists work as part of multidisciplinary teams to manage and control metastatic bone disease.

Learn more about our diagnosis and treatment.

Quick Reference

Comprehensive Cancer Center

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Toll-Free 888-716-WAKE

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Last Updated: 03-01-2016
Wake Forest Baptist Ranked among Nation’s ‘Best Hospitals’  26 Years in a Row by U.S. News & World ReportComprehensive Cancer Centers National Designation is Renewed2017-2018 Best DoctorsNursing Magnet StatusJoint Commission Report

Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.

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