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Julienne K. Kirk, D.PharmWake Forest School of Medicine

Julienne K. Kirk, D.Pharm


Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-9043 | Department: 336-716-4479

Education & Training

  • B.S., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, 1986
  • D.Pharm., University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, 1991
  • Residency, Durham County Hosp Corp, 1989
  • Residency, U North Carolina Sch Med, 1992


  • Am Coll Of Clinical Pharmacy
  • Am Diabetes Assn
  • Am Soc Of Hospital Pharmacists

NPI Number

  • 1134104995
Julienne K. Kirk, D.Pharm

Julienne K. Kirk, D.Pharm

Professor, Family & Community Medicine
Office of Women in Medicine and Science

Research Interests

Diabetes Mellitus; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring; Blood Glucose; Self Care
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Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-9043 | Department: 336-716-4479

Recent Publications

Educational strategies of diabetes group medical visits: a review. Kirk JK, Devoid HM, Strickland C.. Curr Diabetes Rev. 2018;14(3):227-236.

Using standardized patient assessments to evaluate a health literacy curriculum. Marion GS, Hairston JM, Davis SW, Kirk JK.. Fam Med. 2018;50(1):52-57.

Living with type 2 diabetes: a social cognitive perspective on adherence [abstract]. Mihalko SL, Danhauer S, Levine B, Hunter JC, Kirk JK, Befus D, Black H, Shumaker SA.. Ann Behav Med. 2018;52(Suppl 1):S714.

Comorbidity among white and African American patients with type 2 diabetes [abstract]. .. Ann Behav Med. 2018;52(Suppl 1):S276.

Transdermal estrogens in the changing landscape of hormone replacement therapy. Beck KL, Anderson MC, Kirk JK.. Postgrad Med. 2017;129(6):632-636.

What to tell your patients about insulin pen devices. Kirk JK.. Pract Diabetol. 2017;36(2):2-4.

Hypertension treatment strategies for older adults. Hansell MW, Mann EM, Kirk JK.. J Fam Pract. 2017;66(9):546-554.

A systematic review of hypertension outcomes and treatment strategies in older adults. Kirk JK, Allsbrook J, Hansell M, Mann EM.. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2017;73():160-168.

Overview of a pharmacist anticoagulation certificate program. Kirk JK, Edwards R, Brewer A, Miller C, Bray B, Groce JB.. Curr Pharm Teach Learn. 2017;9(4):707-712.

Demographic, health and diabetes self-management correlates of medical skepticism among rural older adults. Bell RA, Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Nguyen H, Saldana S, Quandt SA.. J Sci Med. 2016;2(1):51-56.

Glycemic goal for older adults with diabetes and concentrated basal insulin options. Kirk JK, Teachey AL.. Appl Clin Res Clin Trials Regul Affairs. 2016;3(2):82-85.

The use of electronic medical records for recruitment in clinical trials: findings from the Lifestyle Intervention for Treatment of Diabetes trial. Effoe VS, Katula JA, Kirk JK, Pedley CF, Bollhalter LY, Brown WM, Savoca MR, Jones ST, Baek J, Bertoni AG, Faust D, Gower E, Freehill K, Logan K, Bell RA, Espeland M, et al.. Trials. 2016;17(1):496.

CenteringPregnancy: meeting the quadruple aim in prenatal care [invited commentary]. Strickland C, Merrell S, Kirk JK.. N C Med J. 2016;77(6):394-397.

The Lifestyle Intervention for the Treatment of Diabetes study (LIFT Diabetes): design and baseline characteristics for a randomized translational trial to improve control of cardiovascular disease risk factors. Katula JA, Kirk JK, Pedley CF, Savoca MR, Effoe VS, Bell RA, Bertoni AG.. Contemp Clin Trials. 2016;53():89-99.

Role of statin drugs for polycystic ovary syndrome. Cassidy-Vu L, Joe E, Kirk JK.. J Family Reprod Health. 2016;10(4):165-175.

Unreliable item or inconsistent person? A study of variation in health beliefs and belief-anchors to biomedical models. Ip EH, Saldana S, Chen SH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Nguyen H, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Quandt SA.. J Health Psychol. 2015;20(8):1049-1059.

Diabetes symptoms and self-management behaviors in rural older adults. Kirk JK, Arcury TA, Ip E, Bell RA, Saldana S, Nguyen HT, Quandt SA.. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2015;107(1):54-60.

Patient-centered approach to biologics in the treatment of psoriasis. Vaidya T, Feldman SR, Kirk J.. J Nat Sci. 2015;1(3):e53.

Medical student health literacy perspectives and experiences. Kirk JK, Davis SW, Hairston J, Melius K Marion GS.. J Fam Med Dis Prev. 2015;1():018.

Correlation between diabetes prevalence and subsequent cancer mortality in North Carolina counties. Spangler JG, Kirk J.. J Diabetes Mellit. 2014;4(1):1-5.

Outcomes and medication use in a longitudinal cohort of type 2 diabetes patients, 2006 to 2012. Kirk JK, Davis SW, Lawrence K, Hildebrandt CA, Lord RW Jr.. J Clin Outcomes Manage. 2014;21(1):9-14.

Assessment of a short diabetes knowledge instrument for older and minority adults. Quandt SA, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Saldana S, Chen SH, Nguyen H, Bell RA, Arcury TA.. Diabetes Educ. 2014;40(1):68-76.

Patterns and stability over time of older adults' diabetes-related beliefs. Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Nguyen HT, Saldana S, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA.. Health Behav and Policy Rev. 2014;1(2):111-121.

Perceptions of culturally competent diabetes management in a primary care practice. Kirk JK, Hildebrandt C, Davis S, Crandall SJ, Siciliano AB, Marion GS.. J Cult Divers. 2014;21(1):22-28.

Providing preconception care in type 2 diabetes. Cassidy-Vu L, Linn E, Namak SY, Kirk JK.. J Diabetes Metab Disord Control. 2014;1(4):.

Do patients with type 2 diabetes who aren't taking insulin benefit from self-monitoring blood glucose?. Namak SY, Kirk JK, Kramer R.. J Fam Pract. 2013;62(1):39-48.

Longitudinal changes in dietary fat intake and associated changes in cardiovascular risk factors in adults with type 2 diabetes: the ACCORD trial. Kirk JK, Craven T, Lipkin EW, Katula J, Pedley C, O'Connor PJ, Margolis KL.. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2013;100(1):61-68.

Social support strategies in adult patients with diabetes: a review of strategies in the USA and Europe. Kirk JK, Ebert CN, Gamble GP, Ebert CE.. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab. 2013;8(4):379-389.

Correlates of physician trust among rural older adults with diabetes. Bell RA, Arcury TA, Ip E, Grzywacz JG, Nguyen H, Kirk JK, Saldana S, Quandt SA.. Am J Health Behav. 2013;37(5):660-666.

Cognitive function is a risk for health literacy in older adults with diabetes. Nguyen HT, Kirk JK, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Grzywacz JG, Saldana SJ, Bell RA, Quandt SA.. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2013;101(2):141-147.

Older adults' fears about diabetes: using common sense models of disease to understand fear origins and implications for self-management. Quandt SA, Reynolds T, Chapman C, Bell RA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Arcury TA.. J Appl Gerontol. 2013;32(7):783-803.

Standardized patient instructors' and physician assistant students' evaluation of diabetes counseling skills. Kirk JK, Hildebrandt CA, Davis SW, Crandall SJ, Marion GS.. J Physician Asst Educ. 2013;24(4):9-14.

Guidelines on glucose self-monitoring in non-insulin users are not evidence-based [commentary]. Kirk JK.. Evid Based Med. 2013;18(6):237-238.

Performance of health literacy tests among older adults with diabetes. Kirk JK, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Saldana S, Quandt SA.. J Gen Intern Med. 2012;27(5):534-540.

Demographic, health and self-management correlates of physician trust among rural older adults with diabetes [abstract]. Bell R, Arcury T, Ip E, Grzywacz J, Nguyen H, Kirk J, Saldana S, Quandt S.. Diabetes. 2012;61(Suppl 1):A582.

Social integration and diabetes management among rural older adults. Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Saldana S, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Kirk JK, Quandt SA.. J Aging Health. 2012;24(6):899-922.

The association of mental conditions with blood glucose levels in older adults with diabetes. Nguyen HT, Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Saldana SJ, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA.. Aging Ment Health. 2012;16(8):950-957.

Cultural basis for diabetes-related beliefs among low- and high-education African American, American Indian, and White older adults. Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Nguyen HT, Saldana S, Reynolds T, Bell RA, Kirk JK, Quandt SA.. Ethn Dis. 2012;22(4):466-472.

Social control in older adults' diabetes self management and well-being. Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Saldana S, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Ip E, Quandt SA.. Behav Med. 2012;38(4):115-120.

Blood glucose symptom recognition: perspectives of older rural adults. Kirk JK, Grzywacz JG, Chapman C, Arcury TA, Bell RA, Ip EH, Quandt SA.. Diabetes Educ. 2011;37(3):363-369.

Older adults' common sense models of diabetes. Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Chapman C, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA.. Am J Health Behav. 2011;35(3):318-333.

Tolerability of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors: a review. Richard KR, Shelburne JS, Kirk JK.. Clin Ther. 2011;33(11):1609-1629.

Characteristics associated with glycemic control among family medicine patients with type 2 diabetes. Kirk JK, Davis SW, Hildebrandt CA, Strachan EN, Peechara ML, Lord R.. N C Med J. 2011;72(5):345-350.

Patient characteristics and process of care measures as predictors of glycemic control. Kirk JK, Strachan E, Martin CL, Davis SW, Peechara M, Lord R.. J Clin Outcomes Manage. 2010;17(1):27-30.

Self-monitoring of blood glucose: practical aspects. Kirk JK, Stegner J.. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010;4(2):435-439.

Linking glycemic control and executive function in rural older adults with diabetes mellitus. Nguyen HT, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Chapman C, Kirk JK, Ip EH, Bell RA, Quandt SA.. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010;58(6):1123-1127.

Hyperglycemia management using insulin in the acute care setting: therapies and strategies for care in the non-critically ill patient. Kirk JK, Oldham EC.. Ann Pharmacother. 2010;44(7-8):1222-1230.

Glycaemia management of minority participants in ACCORD [abstract]. Calles-Escandon J, Light L, Lovato L, Getaneh A, Simmons D, Kirk J, Bonds D, Banerji MA, Green JB, Menon L, et al.. Diabetologia. 2010;53(Suppl 1):S19.

Variants in intron 13 of the ELMO1 gene are associated with diabetic nephropathy in African Americans. Leak TS, Perlegas PS, Smith SG, Keene KL, Hicks PJ, Langefeld CD, Mychaleckyj JC, Kirk JK, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Sale MM, et al.. Ann Hum Genet. 2009;73(2):152-159.

Diabetes: rethinking risk and the Dx that fits. Kirk JK, Namak S.. J Fam Pract. 2009;58(5):248-256.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

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