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Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.Wake Forest School of Medicine

Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.


Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-2886 | Department: 336-716-2011


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Education & Training

  • B.A., College of Idaho, 1983
  • Dr.P.H., Loma Linda University, 1989
  • M.P.H., Loma Linda University, 1989
Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.

Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H.

Professor, Epidemiology & Prevention
Office of Women in Medicine and Science
Center on Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism

Research Interests

Postmenopause; Obesity; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Health Promotion; Diet
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Contact Information

Academic: 336-716-2886 | Department: 336-716-2011


Media Medical Expert »

Recent Publications

A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of fruit and vegetable concentrates on intermediate biomarkers in head and neck cancer. Datta M, Shaw EG, Lesser GJ, Case LD, Vitolins MZ, Schneider C, Frizzell B, Sullivan C, Lively M, Franzmann E, Hu JJ.. Integr Cancer Ther. 2018;17(1):115-123.

The 24-month metabolic benefits of the healthy living partnerships to prevent diabetes: a community-based translational study. Pedley CF, Case LD, Blackwell CS, Katula JA, Vitolins MZ.. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2018;12(3):215-220.

Enhancing the infrastructure of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study for cancer epidemiology research: ARIC Cancer. Joshu CE, Barber JR, Coresh J, Couper DJ, Mosley TH, Vitolins MZ, Butler KR, Nelson HH, Prizment AE, Selvin E, Tooze JA, Visvanathan K, Folsom AR, Platz EA.. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2018;27(3):295-305.

Serum lipids and risk of obesity-related cancers in postmenopausal women. Kabat GC, Kim MY, Chlebowski RT, Vitolins MZ, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Rohan TE.. Cancer Causes Control. 2018;29(1):13-24.

Serum glucose and insulin and risk of cancers of the breast, endometrium, and ovary in postmenopausal women. Kabat GC, Kim MY, Lane DS, Zaslavsky O, Ho GYF, Luo J, Nicholson WK, Chlebowski RT, Barrington WE, Vitolins MZ, Lin X, Liu S, Rohan TE.. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2018;27(3):261-268.

Gender, blood pressure, and cardiovascular and renal outcomes in adults with hypertension from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial. Foy CG, Lovato LC, Vitolins MZ, Bates JT, Campbell R, Cushman WC, Glasser SP, Gillespie A, Kostis WJ, Krousel-Wood M, Muhlestein JB, Oparil S, Osei K, Pisoni R, Segal MS, Wiggers A, Johnson KC.. J Hypertens. 2018;36(4):904-915.

Self-reported adherence and biomarker levels of CoQ10 and alpha-tocopherol. Vitolins MZ, Case LD, Rapp SR, Lively MO, Shaw EG, Naughton MJ, Giguere J, Lesser GJ.. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2018;12():637-646.

Gut microbiome composition in non-human primates consuming a Western or Mediterranean diet. Nagpal R, Shively CA, Appt SA, Register TC, Michalson KT, Vitolins MZ, Yadav H.. Front Nutr. 2018;5():28.

The healthy living partnerships to prevent diabetes and the diabetes prevention program: a comparison of year 1 and 2 intervention results. Vitolins MZ, Isom SP, Blackwell CS, Kernodle D, Sydell JM, Pedley CF, Katula JA, Case LD, Goff DC Jr.. Transl Behav Med. 2017;7(2):371-378.

Weight fluctuation and cancer risk in post-menopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative. Welti LM, Beavers DP, Caan BJ, Sangi-Haghpekar H, Vitolins MZ, Beavers KM.. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017;26(5):779-786.

Association of genetic variation in the tachykinin receptor 3 locus with hot flashes and night sweats in the Women's Health Initiative Study. Crandall CJ, Manson JE, Hohensee C, Horvath S, Wactawski-Wende J, LeBlanc ES, Vitolins MZ, Nassir R, Sinsheimer JS.. Menopause. 2017;24(3):252-261.

Chocolate intake and diabetes risk in postmenopausal American women. Greenberg JA, Manson JE, Tinker L, Neuhouser ML, Garcia L, Vitolins MZ, Phillips LS.. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017;71(9):1088-1093.

Dietary long-chain fatty acids and carbohydrate biomarker evaluation in a controlled feeding study in participants from the Women's Health Initiative cohort. Song X, Huang Y, Neuhouser ML, Tinker LF, Vitolins MZ, Prentice RL, Lampe JW.. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017;105(6):1272-1282.

Ethical considerations for successfully navigating the research process. Byerley L, Lane H, Ludy MJ, Vitolins MZ, Anderson E, Niedert K, Pennington K, Yang J, Abram JK.. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017;117(8):1302-1307.

The feasibility of walnut and extra virgin olive oil supplementation in older adults. Vitolins MZ, Blackwell CS, Williamson JD, Foy CG, Wilmoth S, Sink KM, Reynolds LM, Byington RP, Reboussin DM.. Int J Food Nutr Sci. 2017;4(1):1-6.

Associations of parity, breastfeeding, and fractures in the Women's Health Observational Study. Crandall CJ, Liu J, Cauley J, Newcomb PA, Manson JE, Vitolins MZ, Jacobson LT, Rykman KK, Stefanick ML.. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;130(1):171-180.

Evaluation of diet pattern and weight gain in postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Ford C, Chang S, Vitolins MZ, Fenton JI, Howard BV, Rhee JJ, Stefanick M, Chen B, Snetselaar L, Urrutia R, Frazier-Wood AC.. Br J Nutr. 2017;117(8):1189-1197.

Low-fat dietary pattern and breast cancer mortality in the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled trial. Chlebowski RT, Aragaki AK, Anderson GL, Thomson CA, Manson JE, Simon MS, Howard BV, Rohan TE, Snetselar L, Lane D, Barrington W, Vitolins MZ, Womack C, Qi L, Hou L, Thomas F, Prentice RL.. J Clin Oncol. 2017;35(25):2919-2926.

Effect of intensive blood-pressure treatment on patient-reported outcomes. Berlowitz DR, Foy CG, Kazis LE, Bolin LP, Conroy MB, Fitzpatrick P, Gure TR, Kimmel PL, Kirchner K, Morisky DE, Newman J, Olney C, Oparil S, Pajewski NM, Powell J, Ramsey T, Simmons DL, Snyder J, Supiano MA, Weiner DE, Whittle J, Rocco M,.. N Engl J Med. 2017;377(8):733-744.

Food fortification and supplement use - are there health implications?. Datta M, Vitolins MZ.. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2016;56(13):2149-2159.

Diabetes, metformin and incidence of and death from invasive cancer in postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Gong Z, Aragaki AK, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Rohan TE, Chen C, Vitolins MZ, Tinker LF, LeBlanc ES, Kuller LH, Hou L, LaMonte MJ, Luo J, Wactawski-Wende J.. Int J Cancer. 2016;138(8):1915-1927.

Trajectories in physical activity and sedentary time among women Veterans in the Women's Health Initiative. Washington DL, Gray K, Hoerster KD, Katon JG, Cochrane BB, LaMonte MJ, Weitlauf JC, Groessl E, Bastian L, Vitolins MZ, Tinker L.. Gerontologist. 2016;56(Suppl 1):S27-S39.

Association between anthropometric measures and long-term survival in frail older women: observations from the Women's Health Initiative Study. Zaslavsky O, Rillamas-Sun E, LaCroix AZ, Woods NF, Tinker LF, Zisberg A, Shadmi E, Cochrane B, Edward BJ, Kritchevsky S, Stefanick ML, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Zelber-Sagi S.. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016;64(2):277-284.

Physical functioning among women 80 years of age and older with and without a cancer history. Weaver KE, Leach CR, Leng X, Danhauer SC, Klepin HD, Vaughan L, Naughton M, Chlebowski RT, Vitolins MZ, Paskett E.. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016;71(Suppl 1):S23-S30.

Body shape, adiposity index, and mortality in postmenopausal women: findings from the Women's Health Initiative. Thomson CA, Garcia DO, Wertheim BC, Hingle MD, Bea JW, Zaslavsky O, Caire-Juvera G, Rohan T, Vitolins MZ, Thompson PA, Lewis CE.. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016;24(5):1061-1069.

Association between dietary inflammatory potential and breast cancer incidence and death: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Tabung FK, Steck SE, Liese AD, Zhang J, Ma Y, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Freudenheim JL, Hou L, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Shivappa N, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Ockene JK, Hebert JR.. Br J Cancer. 2016;114(11):1277-1285.

Triglyceride levels and its relationship with hemoglobin A1C in patients with diabetes [abstract]. Pitts R, Garcia K, Ribisl P, Vitolins M, Cheskin L, Glasser S, Balasubramanyam A, Pownall HJ, Wagenknecht L, Eckel R.. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016;67(13 Suppl):2020.

Longitudinal changes in the dietary inflammatory index: an assessment of the inflammatory potential of diet over time in postmenopausal women. Tabung FK, Steck SE, Zhang J, Ma Y, Liese AD, Tylavsky FA, Vitolins MZ, Ockene JK, Hebert JR.. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016;70(12):1374-1380.

Patterns of change over time and history of the inflammatory potential of diet and risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women. Tabung FK, Steck SE, Liese AD, Zhang J, Ma Y, Johnson KC, Lane DS, Qi L, Snetselaar L, Vitolins MZ, Ockene JK, Hebert JR.. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2016;159(1):139-149.

Duration of adulthood overweight, obesity, and cancer risk in the Women's Health Initiative: a longitudinal study from the United States. Arnold M, Jiang L, Stefanick ML, Johnson KC, Lane DS, LeBlanc ES, Prentice R, Rohan TE, Snively BM, Vitolins M, Zaslavsky O, Soerjomataram I, Anton-Culver H.. PLoS Med. 2016;13(8):e1002081.

Relationships between caffeine intake and risk for probable dementia or global cognitive impairment: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. Driscoll I, Shumaker SA, Snively BM, Margolis KL, Manson JE, Vitolins MZ, Rossom RC, Espeland MA.. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016;71(12):1596-1602.

Process evaluation of a community garden at an urban outpatient clinic. Milliron BJ, Vitolins MZ, Gamble E, Jones R, Chenault MC, Tooze JA.. J Community Health. 2016;42(4):639-648.

Effects of weight regain following intentional weight loss on glucoregulatory function in overweight and obese adults with pre-diabetes. Beavers KM, Case LD, Blackwell CS, Katula JA, Goff DC Jr, Vitolins MZ.. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2015;9(3):266-273.

Exogenous estrogen as mediator of racial differences in bioactive insulin-like growth factor-I levels among postmenopausal women. Jung SY, Vitolins MZ, Paskett ED, Chang S.. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015;70(4):495-502.

Associations of menopausal vasomotor symptoms with fracture incidence. Crandall CJ, Aragaki A, Cauley JA, Manson JE, LeBlanc E, Wallace R, Wactawski-Wende J, LaCroix A, O'Sullivan MJ, Vitolins M, Watts NB.. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015;100(2):524-534.

Effect of protein source during weight loss on body composition, cardiometabolic risk and physical performance in abdominally obese, older adults: a pilot feeding study. Beavers KM, Gordon MM, Easter L, Beavers DP, Hairston KG, Nicklas BJ, Vitolins MZ.. J Nutr Health Aging. 2015;19(1):87-95.

Risk profiles for weight gain among postmenopausal women: a classification and regression tree analysis approach. Jung SY, Vitolins MZ, Fenton J, Frazier-Wood AC, Hursting SD, Chang S.. PLoS One. 2015;10(3):e0121430.

Feasibility and initial efficacy evaluation of a community-based cognitive-behavioral lifestyle intervention to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy in Latina women. Gesell SB, Katula JA, Strickland C, Vitolins MZ.. Matern Child Health J. 2015;19(8):1842-1852.

Diet drink consumption and the risk of cardiovascular events: a report from the Women's Health Initiative. Vyas A, Rubenstein L, Robinson J, Seguin RA, Vitolins MZ, Kazlauskaite R, Shikany JM, Johnson KC, Snetselaar L, Wallace R.. J Gen Intern Med. 2015;30(4):462-468.

Partial meal replacement plan and quality of the diet at 1 year: Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial. Raynor HA, Anderson AM, Miller GD, Reeves R, Delahanty LM, Vitolins MZ, Harper P, Mobley C, Konersman K, Mayer-Davis E.. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2015;115(5):731-742.

A review of nutrition and physical activity interventions in adults 65 and older with type 2 diabetes. Vitolins MZ, Berg A, Deibert P, Konig D, Blackwell CS.. Curr Nutr Rep. 2015;4(2):156-163.

Race and ethnicity, obesity, metabolic health, and risk of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. Schmiegelow MD, Hedlin H, Mackey RH, Martin LW, Vitolins MZ, Stefanick ML, Perez MV, Allison M, Hlatky MA.. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015;4(5):e001695.

Red blood cell folate and plasma folate are not associated with risk of incident colorectal cancer in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Neuhouser ML, Cheng TY, Beresford SA, Brown E, Song X, Miller JW, Zheng Y, Thomson CA, Shikany JM, Vitolins MZ, Rohan T, Green R, Ulrich CM.. Int J Cancer. 2015;137(4):930-939.

Menopausal symptoms in women with chronic kidney disease. Cheung KL, Stefanick ML, Allison MA, LeBlanc ES, Vitolins MZ, Shara N, Chertow GM, Winkelmayer WC, Tamura MK.. Menopause. 2015;22(9):1006-1011.

Influence of soy protein intake on blood isoflavone levels, thyroid and sex hormone concentrations in women [abstract]. Koohkan S, Baer M, Vitolins M, Konig D, Bisse E, Berg A.. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2015;123(3):.

Healthy Living Partnerships to Prevent Diabetes (HELP PD): a randomized controlled trial to prevent diabetes through diet and exercise: 2 year effects on the metabolic syndrome [abstract]. Pedley CF, Blackwell C, Case D, Katula JA, Vitolins MZ, Goff DC.. J Gen Intern Med. 2015;30(Suppl 2):S173.

Association between dietary inflammatory potential and breast cancer incidence and mortality: results from the Women's Health Initiative [abstract]. Tabung F, Steck S, Liese A, Zhang JJ, Ma YS, Caan B, Chlebowski R, Freudenheim J, Hou LF, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Shivappa N, Vitolins M, Wactawski-Wende J, Ockene J, Hebert J.. FASEB J. 2015;29(Suppl 1):260.5.

Genome-wide association study of hot flashes in the Women's Health Initiative Study [abstract]. Crandall CJ, Hohensee C, Horvath S, Manson JE, LeBlanc E, Vitolins M, Nassir R, Wactawski-Wende J, Sinsheimer J.. Menopause. 2015;22(12):1371.

The effect of a community-based diabetes prevention program on self-efficacy [abstract]. Katula JA, Dotson H, Vitolins MZ, Blackwell C, Isom S, Case D, Goff D Jr... Ann Behav Med. 2015;49(Suppl 1):S84.

Nutrition and physical activity cancer prevention guidelines, cancer risk, and mortality in the Women's Health Initiative. Thomson CA, McCullough ML, Wertheim BC, Chlebowski RT, Martinez ME, Stefanick ML, Rohan TE, Manson JE, Tindle HA, Ockene J, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Sarto GE, Lane DS, Neuhouser ML.. Cancer Prev Res (Phila Pa). 2014;7(1):42-53.

All Publications

For a listing of recent publications, refer to PubMed, a service provided by the National Library of Medicine.

For a list of earlier publications, visit the Carpenter Library Publication Search.

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