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Inpatient Acquired Brain Injury Program

Wake Forest Baptist Health's CARF-Accredited Inpatient Acquired Brain Injury Program provides specialized, intensive rehabilitation services for patients age 13 years and older who have traumatic and non-traumatic brain injuries resulting in cognitive deficits, behavior problems, physical limitations and problems with self care. Brain injuries may be related to trauma from motor vehicle and other accidents, brain tumors, stroke, anoxia/hypoxia or other neurological injuries. The WFBH Brain Injury Rehab Program outperforms other programs across the country by returning a higher percentage of patients to home and facilitating greater functional gains.  The Program's effectiveness is attributed to the expertise of its interdisciplinary rehabilitation care team and exceptional facilities designed for the unique needs of brain injured patients. The Program provides patient and family training programs to prepare patients and their families for rehab discharge, to coordinate equipment needs and home modifications, and to provide information on lifetime health and wellness resources. 

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is a general term that covers all brain damage occurring after birth.  In the context of rehabilitation, ABI typically refers to injuries that cause both physical and cognitive impairments or behavioral disabilities.

Cognitive issues may include:

  • Short and longer term memory loss
  • Difficulties with concentration, judgment, communication and planning
  • Spatial disorientation

Behavioral or emotional issues may include:


  • Anxiety
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Disinhibition
  • Depression
  • Emotional liability
  • Agitation
  • Mood swings
  • Egocentricity
  • Isolation
  • Denial
  • Impulsivity


Our Team 

Our interdisciplinary rehab team includes professionals specializing in:



Occupational Therapy

Recreation Therapy

Rehabilitation Nursing

Physical Therapy

Social Work

Clinical Psychology

Speech Therapy

Vocational Rehab*


Assistive Technology*

Clinical Nutrition


*These services are provided by team members who are not directly employed by WFBH, but who work very collaboratively with the WFBH Rehab Programs.

Our Philosophy 

Our team knows that each patient is unique, with specific needs, capabilities and potential. Therefore, each patient's treatment is completely individualized and modified as recovery progresses. Together, the rehabilitation team, patient and family set goals and work together to achieve these goals.

Scope of Services 

  • Physicians specializing in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR or physiatry) direct the patient's plan of care on a daily basis
  • Rehabilitation Nursing is provided 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
  • Each patient receives a minimum of 15 hours of therapy each week, including a combination of physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and/or orthotics/prosthetics training. The types and intensity of therapy is tailored to the needs of each patient.
  • Recreation therapy, clinical psychology, neuropsychology, vocational rehabilitation, and assistive technology services are available 5 days a week, and are provided based on the unique needs of each patient.
  • Each patient is assigned a Care Coordinator who acts as a liaison between patient, family/caregiver, rehabilitation professionals, and third party payers
  • WFBH provides all ancillary services including, but not limited to, Diagnostic Imaging, Laboratory, Pharmacy, Spiritual Care, and Respiratory Therapy
  • Consulting physician services for other medical specialities are provided by WFBH, as needed
  • If services not available within the Medical Center are needed, referrals, contracts or consultations are made for these services, which may include, but are not limited to:  orthotics and prosthetics, durable medical equipment, caregiver/family services, substance abuse counseling, rehab engineering, and driver's assessment and education. 
  • Rehabilitation Program staff collaborate with acute hospital and outpatient rehabilitation staff to promote coordinated patient care across the continuum.

Specialized Facility and Services 

The Program provides an environment and services ideally suited for brain injury rehabilitation.    

  • Dedicated brain injury nursing unit, ensuring reduced stimulation and a secure therapeutic environment that allows patients to move freely throughout the unit. 
  • On-site school tutoring education program for adolescent patients
  • Home of the Regional Resource Center for the Brain Injury Association of North Carolina

Treatment Goals 

The ultimate goal is to return each patient to the highest level of independence possible, and in most cases, to return patients to home.  Specific treatment goals are individualized for each patient and may include:

  • Maximizing function in:
    • Mobility
    • Activities of daily living
    • Communication and cognition
    • Swallowing
    • Bowel and bladder management
  • Addressing sexuality and family issues
  • Disability adjustment and counseling and coping strategies
  • Improving attention span, memory, judgment and physical function
  • Improving behavioral/social skills
  • Patient and family education for individualized needs


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Our CARF Accreditation

Our CARF Accreditation

In February 2013, the Inpatient Rehabilitation Program at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center received reaccreditation from the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) for its rehabilitation, brain injury, and stroke specialty, and amputation programs.

Last Updated: 09-13-2016
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Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.

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