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Conditions and Treatments

What Kidneys Do

The kidneys filter the blood and help remove waste and extra fluid from the body, in addition to controlling the chemical balance of the body. The kidneys also play a role in regulating blood pressure, and kidney disease may lead to the development of high blood pressure (hypertension). As with other organs, kidney function may be slightly reduced with aging.

The kidneys are part of the urinary system, which also includes the ureters and the bladder. Bladder control can be affected by muscle changes and changes in the reproductive system.


Kidney Disease

Kidney disease is classified as any disease or disorder that affects the function of the kidneys. This may include:

Tests and Procedures

There are several tests and procedures that are standard in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases.

Acute Kidney Failure
Acute Nephritic Syndrome
Analgesic Nephropathy
Atheroembolic Renal Disease
Chronic Kidney Failure
Chronic Nephritis
Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome
End-stage Renal Disease
Goodpasture Syndrome
Interstitial Nephritis
Kidney Cancer
Kidney Damage
Kidney Infection
Kidney Injury
Kidney Stones
Lupus Nephritis
Membranoproliferative GN I
Membranoproliferative GN II
Membranous Nephropathy
Minimal Change Disease
Necrotizing Glomerulonephritis
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Nephropathy - IgA
Nephrosis (Nephrotic Syndrome)
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Post-Streptococcal GN
Reflux Nephropathy
Renal Artery Embolism
Renal Artery Stenosis
Renal Disorders
Renal Papillary Necrosis
Renal Tubular Acidosis Type I
Renal Tubular Acidosis Type II
Renal Underperfusion
Renal Vein Thrombosis 


Renal Scan
Renal Biopsy
Kidney Function Test
Intravenous Pyelogram
Urinary Casts
Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane
Renal Perfusion Scintiscan
Fractional Excretion of Sodium
Renal Arteriography
Ureteral Retrograde Brush Biopsy Cytology
Abdominal CT Scan
Abdominal MRI
Urine Concentration Test  


Kidney Transplant
Kidney Removal 


Find a Doctor Ways to Give


APOL1 Gene Discovery: New Pathways to Cure Kidney Disease

APOL1 Gene Discovery: New Pathways to Cure Kidney Disease

Mutations in a gene called apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) have been found to be associated with a family of common kidney diseases in African-Americans.

Nationally Ranked in Nephrology

Nationally Ranked in Nephrology

U.S. News & World Report ranks the Nephrology section at Wake Forest Baptist among the nation's best.

Last Updated: 12-27-2016
Wake Forest Baptist Ranked among Nation’s ‘Best Hospitals’  26 Years in a Row by U.S. News & World ReportComprehensive Cancer Centers National Designation is Renewed2017-2018 Best DoctorsNursing Magnet StatusJoint Commission Report

Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.

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