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Bladder Cancer


Most cases of bladder cancer start from the cells lining the bladder. The exact cause of the disease isn’t always known, though several factors can increase risk:

  • Cigarette smoking. Up to half of all bladder cancers in men and several in women may be caused by cigarette smoke.
  • Chemical exposure at work. Dye workers, rubber workers, aluminum workers, leather workers, truck drivers, and pesticide applicators are at the highest risk.
  • Radiation treatment: Women who had radiation therapy to treat cervical cancer have an increased risk of developing bladder cancer.
  • Bladder infection: A long-term (chronic) bladder infection or irritation may lead to a certain type of bladder cancer.

    Most cases of bladder cancer are highly treatable, with 85 percent to 90 percent of people still alive at five years. Physicians from Urology and Wake Forest Baptist’s Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest Baptist work closely together to determine the best treatment for each patient.

    In cases where the cancer hasn’t spread beyond the bladder lining, the treatment is to “scrape” the bladder to remove cancerous cells. When the cancer is more advanced, the bladder may need to be removed.
    Wake Forest Baptist is one of a few centers in the country offering robotic surgery for cancer of the bladder. Our urologic surgeons have extensive experience using bowel to create a “new” bladder, often allowing urine to empty naturally.

    Learn more about bladder cancer from the American Urological Association.



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Robot-Assisted Surgery

Robot-Assisted Surgery

Minimally invasive surgery has become a popular option for treating urologic cancer because it can offer shorter hospital stays and faster recovery times.

Last Updated: 10-21-2016
Wake Forest Baptist Ranked among Nation’s ‘Best Hospitals’  25 Years in a Row by U.S. News & World ReportComprehensive Cancer Centers National Designation is Renewed2017-2018 Best DoctorsNursing Magnet StatusJoint Commission Report

Disclaimer: The information on this website is for general informational purposes only and SHOULD NOT be relied upon as a substitute for sound professional medical advice, evaluation or care from your physician or other qualified health care provider.

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