A hysteroscopy is a minor surgical procedure during which your physician views the inside of your uterus.

After you are asleep, the uterine cavity is filled with fluid, causing it to expand, and a small “telescope” is passed through the vagina and cervix into the uterus. The walls of the uterus and the openings to the fallopian tubes can be seen with this procedure.

Your physician may perform a hysteroscopy in order to identify polyps, fibroids, adhesions and other structural abnormalities that may have been identified previously with ultrasound, hysterosalpingogram or sonohysterogram.

A hysteroscopy can also be used to surgically treat many conditions.

Hysteroscopy is a very safe procedure, but complications can occur less than 1 percent of the time. The most common complications include bleeding, infection and puncture to the uterine wall.

After the use of anesthesia for the procedure, most patients feel drowsy for 1 day. Vaginal spotting and watery vaginal discharge are common symptoms for 1 to 2 days following a hysteroscopy.